Friday, May 20, 2022

Review of Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche

This review was written by Eugene Kernes 

Book can be found in: 
Genre = Philosophy
Book Club Event = Book List (10/22/2022)
Intriguing Connections = Why Do People Think Differently?
Watch Review

Excerpts

“Companions, the creator seeks not corpses, not herds and believers.  Fellow creators, the creator seeks – those who write new values on new tablets.” – Friedrich Nietzsche, Zarathustra’s Prologue, Page 24


“And beware of the good and the just!  They like to crucify those who invent their own virtues for themselves – they hate the lonely ones.  Beware also of holy simplicity!” – Friedrich Nietzsche, On The Way Of The Creator, Page 64


“And, as if there were a special secret access to knowledge, buried for those who learn something, we believe in the people and their ‘wisdom’” – Friedrich Nietzsche, On Poets, Page 127


Review

Overview:

Zarathustra comes down from the mountain, to empower humans.  To teach how humans can raise themselves to become better.  To become overman.  Zarathustra seeks creators, to replace God.  As God has died.  Empowerment requires breaking from normal routines.  Ideas of the past, even the noble ideas, become corrupted over time.  Pride in what was already accomplished prevents people from looking to create more.  

Humans are above animals, but have not yet become overman.  The overman creates their own values.  Creating is less about the showmanship, but about the values that are created.  The path of a creator can be a lonely one.  Making them easy targets for those who belong to groups.  Being lonely, can mean lack of social support.

With each interaction, Zarathustra learns more about what it takes to convince others.  The need for followers, who will then proceed to spread the message.  A creator seeking fellow creators.

Nietzsche denounced religion in various ways.  And yet in the book, Nietzsche uses religious iconography.  Purposely using religious references as an undercurrent to oppose religion.


Caveats?

The book can be very difficult to read.  The book was written quickly and without edits due to the authors’ health.  Another aspect of the writing making the book difficult is that many references are covert, making them easy to miss for those not prepared to see them.  Best to read the book after learning about Nietzsche’s background, and some history of European religious views and morals. 

The references and contrasts to animals are antiquated.  Appropriate for era of the book, but a different contrast would suit better.  This does not reduce the value of empowering humans, but the animal contrast has become too simple.  


Questions to Consider while Reading the Book

•What is the raison d’etre of the book?  For what purpose did the author write the book?
•What are some limitations of the book?
•What does Zarathustra want?
•How to empower humans?
•What is an overman?
•What does it mean to be a creator?
•Why do we need creators?
•What are some thoughts about knowledge?
•Why do people resist learning?
•What are some hidden references in the book?  (Religious, moral, and other.)
•Why seek followers? 

Book Details
Edition ISBN:  0140047484
Pages to read:   335
Publication:     1978
1st Edition:      1883
Format:            Paperback

Ratings out of 5:
Readability    1
Content          2
Overall           2